Understanding Transfer Pricing Report in India as Per Income Tax Act 1962


6/3/20242 min read

white board beside pencil and tape
white board beside pencil and tape

Introduction to Transfer Pricing

Transfer pricing refers to the rules and methods for pricing transactions within and between enterprises under common ownership or control. It is a significant aspect of international taxation, where multinational enterprises (MNEs) need to ensure that their transactions are priced in a manner that reflects an arm's length market price. In India, transfer pricing regulations are governed by the Income Tax Act, 1962.

Legal Framework Under Income Tax Act 1962

The Income Tax Act, 1962, lays down specific provisions for transfer pricing. Section 92 to 92F of the Act provides the legal framework for transfer pricing in India. These sections mandate that income arising from international transactions or specified domestic transactions between associated enterprises should be computed having regard to the arm's length price. This ensures that the profits are not understated, and the tax base is not eroded.

Documentation and Compliance Requirements

Under the Income Tax Act, 1962, enterprises engaged in international transactions or specified domestic transactions are required to maintain detailed documentation. This includes a transfer pricing report that substantiates the pricing of their transactions. The report must include details such as the nature of the transaction, the method used for determining the arm's length price, and the rationale for choosing that method. Additionally, enterprises must file Form 3CEB, which is a certificate from a Chartered Accountant confirming that the necessary documentation has been maintained.

Penalties for Non-compliance

Non-compliance with transfer pricing regulations can lead to severe penalties. If the transfer pricing report is not maintained or the transactions are not priced at arm's length, the tax authorities can make an adjustment to the taxable income. This could result in additional tax liability and interest. Moreover, penalties can be imposed for failure to maintain documentation, furnish the transfer pricing report, or file Form 3CEB.


Understanding and complying with transfer pricing regulations is crucial for enterprises engaged in international or specified domestic transactions. The Income Tax Act, 1962, provides a comprehensive framework to ensure that such transactions are conducted at arm's length prices, thereby preventing erosion of the tax base. Enterprises must ensure that they maintain the necessary documentation and comply with the reporting requirements to avoid penalties.

Reach out to us for support in relation to preparation of Transfer Pricing Report through email at abhi@finexadvisors.com